A trio of accomplished students were awarded UC Santa Barbara Department of Chemical Engineering Graduate Division Fellowships, Jacob Monroe, Graduate Opportunity Fellowship, and David Smith and Mengwen Zhang, Graduate Division Dissertation Fellowships.
Monroe, Shell Lab, is proud of the honor that he sees as both a reaffirmation for his efforts in community research and mentorship, as his research.
“This fellowship comes at a critical time in my PhD, as I move into my final year,” Monroe said. “I really feel that I’m doing the best research of my life, and this fellowship will allow me to keep that going until I graduate.”
Smith, of the Shell, Leal and Mitragotri Labs, is appreciative of the opportunities to expand his research while working towards finalizing his dissertation that is focused on the fundamental approach to understanding the physical interactions of nanoparticles with model cellular membranes.
“My PhD has been very nonlinear, but now that our methodological infrastructure is established, we are generating interesting results,” he said. “This pile of data and its associated analysis has been building up, so this fellowship will give me the opportunity to focus and crank it all out.”
“After several years of doing research, I need the time to summarize all my research into one coherent story,” Zhang said. “It also provides me with time to think about future research directions and reflect on my PhD journey.”
Monroe finds the research that is most exciting to him right now involves mapping out how different arrangements of chemical groups on solid surfaces affects both the dynamic and thermodynamic properties of nearby water.
“I’ve developed a computational work-flow that allows us to discover chemical group patterns that optimize any water property of interest,” Monroe said. “This will hopefully guide other researchers and engineers in designing materials with unique interfacial properties for use in water purification, filtration, and other industrial processes.”
Large amounts of data are generated in Monroe’s research, and for him the challenge is, “to stay on track and focus on the questions we’re trying to answer.”
“A closer physical picture is needed for particles, particularly on the 1 to 10 nanometer scale where the nanoparticle diameter is comparable to the membrane thickness,” Smith shared.
Smith emphasized the most challenging aspect of this work has been selling the importance of a molecularscale, simulation-based approach to the rapidly growing, yet predominantly experimental, fields of nano-pharmacology and –toxicology.
“Our research group has discovered a new mechanism of interaction where hydrophobic, rough, crystalline nanoparticles of a critical size asymmetrically, locally punch a hole in one side of the membrane, and nonlocally induce large-scale membrane curvature – Eventually jumping across the membrane to the other side,” Smith said.
The development of multicomponent nanoemulsions is the focus for Zhang, researching multi-phase droplets consisting of one liquid phase dispersed in one or more other liquid phases, that can be used for colloidal synthesis for potential applications in pharmaceuticals, foods, and consumer products.
“These multiphasic platforms allow co-encapsulation of various molecules and at the same time, their nanoscale sizes give rise to unique properties,” she shared.
Scale is the greatest challenge for Zhang in her work, as its not instantly decipherable what’s been made, but it also provides for a level of interest and exploration.
“It always gives you the chance to learn many interesting and cutting-edge techniques – such as, cryogenic-TEM, and small-angle neutron scattering – to extract useful information from the samples,” Zhang said.
Monroe’s recommendation to incoming graduate students is to not only work hard, but also to set aside time for activities outside of research in order to let good ideas flourish and grow.
“You have to put in some work to help you get to these ideas, but working harder doesn’t always help you think more clearly,” Monroe shared. “That’s why it’s really important to have multiple projects going on and other things in your life. Setting a problem aside for a while usually helps me generate better ideas more quickly than constantly working.”
Smith’s advice to incoming Chemical Engineering graduate students is to stay balanced, focused, patient, and resilient.
“Knowing what you want to get out of your work will save you a lot of time down the road,” he shared. “We have some excellent faculty, postdoc, and graduate student mentors that can boost your emotional intelligence, and teach you how to invoke change – and may even nudge you to do it.”
Zhang suggests that future students do not treat the research as a process seeking perfection.
“It’s important to remind yourself of the big picture once in a while to prevent yourself from being bogged down by several data points,” Zhang emphasized. “Data are used to prove and disprove a concept, and do not need to be perfect.”
The department looks forward to the work of this skilled trio in future research and advances. ChE
– Melissa Walker is the Communications Coordinator for the Department of Chemical Engineering